4 Best Cloud Deployment Models (2019)
The rise of cloud deployment models
As of late, the cloud and all that it entails is the topic of choice in everyone’s mouth. In the tech industry, we’ve experienced a rapid and fiery explosion in popularity for cloud business solutions, designed to help organizations compete and stay relevant in a highly interconnected world that is evolving constantly.
As we’ve seen in previous articles, Cloud Business Solutions make a fantastic pair alongside a robust digital strategy to provide personalized, integrated, fast, and flexible solutions to clients. It is in that sweet spot that cloud deployment models come in. But first, let’s get an understanding of what cloud computing is before we get to models.
As defined by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), cloud computing is “is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.”
With the age of the cloud upon us, the use of cloud deployment models has exploded exponentially. These cloud deployment models, which are rendered on-demand and on a pay-as-you-need basis, provide different frameworks that align to different sets of needs.
Whether you have the technological capabilities to have an in-house private cloud, or if you prefer to hire an outside cloud provider for your public cloud needs, you will likely find a model that suits your cloud strategy best.
In this article, we will explore the different types of cloud deployment models available to help you assess if your business needs one, as well a the necessary intel to help you make an informed decision about which option is best suited for your business needs and your cloud strategy.
Why are cloud deployment models the key to cloud solutions?
The key to taking advantage of the full range of benefits offered by cloud solutions stems from the smart and thoughtful configuration of cloud deployment models. The right use of these models enables users to tap into the wealth of services and resources provided by cloud solutions.
By choosing a cloud deployment model, you can set the parameters of a cloud environment in terms of size, storage, accessibility, propriety, and more, to align with your business needs and cloud strategy.
As we will detail in an upcoming section, there are at least 4 prominent deployment models in the cloud that organizations opt for when it comes to leveraging cloud solutions.
Once you understand their key advantages, offerings, challenges, and differentiators, you can focus on selecting the best fit for your organization. This decision should be based on computing prowess, networking, storage requirements, business goals, and available resources.
Thus, you will be finding the most cohesive solution that aligns to your carefully drafted list of wants and needs. Next, we are going to cover how you can identify if your business is ready for cloud business solutions.
Is your business ready for cloud business solutions?
Are you in dire need of a solution that can handle mounting requirements, that is easy to use, on-demand, that includes automatic software updates without your involvement, where you can pay only for what you need, with limitless access, maximum flexibility, and a collaborative workspace? This dream is encapsulated in the concept of cloud business solutions.
From small, startup companies to large enterprises, cloud business solutions are the answer when it comes to fulfilling the need for cloud-based access to numerous IT services. While there are scenarios and instances when a cloud is not the answer, it has become increasingly popular over the years thanks to its flexibility and the grand array of services it is capable of powering.
In-house IT infrastructures are not a thing of the past, yet. There are a number of factors that come into play when trying to identify if your business is ready for cloud business solutions or if you are better off with a wholly owned, physically-controlled solution that you have total control over.
One of the first factors to mull over when trying to decide if your business is ready for the cloud is culture. Cloud business solutions are a dynamic force that is constantly changing, thus your company’s culture should be flexible enough to adapt to change easily and embrace new technologies at a rapid pace.
Whether private, public, or hybrid, all cloud business solutions are rendered over the Internet. With this in mind, there is the issue of security and data sensitivity. You should identify if your business uses highly-classified information that is not to be stored, accessed, or transferred over an Internet connection. This may be a red flag for you to decide if you need cloud business solutions or not.
Another factor to consider is costs. Typically, cloud business solutions are provided on a pay-for-what-you-need basis, which is why you should look into this aspect to ensure it aligns with your business strategy and budget constraints. You should also take into account that cloud business solutions represent operating costs rather than capital costs, but if your business is prepared for that change, cloud business solutions are a good fit for you.
You should also identify the compliance standards any cloud provider should meet before deciding if you are ready for cloud business solutions. Even for in-house architectures, it is hard to comply with stringent standards and policies, which is why it is important to know if your organization is ready to delegate this burden and make sure the outside cloud provider meets or exceeds said standards.
Last, but not least, cloud business solutions require strong, highly-capable network internet access. In your assessment to identify if your business is ready for cloud business solutions, create a detailed outline of network requirements and architecture to understand the expected traffic patterns and aggregation points. This will help you understand if an outside cloud provider can supply you with enough bandwidth.
Now that you are more knowledgeable on the key points to assess when trying to identify if your business is ready for cloud business solutions, we will cover the aspects of how to choose a cloud deployment model that is right for your business.
How to choose a cloud deployment model for your business?
Fundamentally, there are three model types to deploy cloud infrastructure: private cloud, public cloud, and hybrid cloud. In recent years, a fourth model has been introduced into the mix, which is the community cloud.
Next, we define each of these common deployment models to provide clarity on how they compare to one another.
As its name clearly states it, the public cloud is publically accessible. It is a cloud-hosted environment that is hosted on a dedicated server, which is managed by an outside party to serve the client’s needs. In this public cloud model, the outside or 3rd party cloud provider is the complete owner of the creation and is responsible for maintenance of the public cloud, as well as any other resource it may involve.
The public cloud deployment model is one of the most widely used, if not the most widely used, cloud service models to deploy cloud computing. As we previously stated, in this model, all hardware, software, and infrastructure are owned by the cloud service provider. This ownership by an outside provider also entails that all the infrastructure is located outside of the client’s premises and control.
Commonly, public cloud deployment models leverage shared resources to provide high-performing solutions. The downside of public cloud models is in terms of security, as their public nature makes them more prone to security attacks and vulnerabilities.
The pros of a public cloud deployment model include simple configuration, easy access to data, flexibility to scale, cost-effectiveness, and uninterrupted, ongoing maintenance. On the other hand, the cons include security threats, privacy vulnerabilities, reliability, and lack of customization or individuality.
Again, this one is pretty easy to guess thanks to its descriptive name. Private cloud models are private. Private cloud models are owned by a single organization to take advantage of cloud computing technology in a centralized fashion that enables access to numerous IT resources from different areas, departments, locations, or parties within an organization.
Private clouds are comprised of computing resources that are used exclusively by the owner and are usually located in the owner’s onsite data center. Additionally, the services and infrastructure of this type of model are kept on a private network to prevent outside interference, offering a higher degree of security and control levels over other cloud deployment models.
Also, because of its private nature, this type of model does not share its computing infrastructure, which is client-hosted. It uses dedicated hardware and it provides physical control over its infrastructure to the owner.
Technically speaking, the owner of a private cloud is both the cloud consumer and provider. Thus, it is recommended to separate departments that handle the cloud provisioning and the consumption role.
The pros of a private cloud deployment model include singular development, customizable components, and storage capabilities, maximum control over corporate data, a high degree of security, privacy, and reliability. On the other hand, the cons include an expensive model with costly investment on hardware, software, and infrastructure, and the fact that it requires a considerable degree of training,
The third type of cloud deployment model is the hybrid cloud. This type of model is a combination of two or more cloud deployment models. For instance, you may want to store specific, sensitive data in a private cloud, and more generic data on a public cloud.
This model can be challenging to manage as the use of private and public clouds is combined and the potential for cloud disparity increases. It does offer greater flexibility to organizations who seek to use resources both on-premise and in the public cloud, on a need-by-need basis.
The pros of a hybrid cloud deployment model include an increased level of security and privacy over a sole public cloud, enhanced scalability and flexibility, and reasonable prices. On the other hand, the cons include the need to divide data into mission-critical and non-sensitive and the ambiguity of managing different types of models in a cohesive manner.
The community cloud deployment model is very similar to a public cloud, but its fundamental difference lies in the fact that it only allows access to a specific community or group of users who share a purpose. The community cloud is a collaborative space in which infrastructure is shared among multiple organizations from a specific community with shared interests and concerns.
Community clouds can be owned by all the community members or by a 3rd party provider; costs are equally distributed among all users within the community.
The pros of a community cloud deployment model include cost-effectiveness, efficient use of shared resources, improved security levels, as well as privacy and reliability, and easy collaboration among members of the community. On the other hand, the cons include: greater costs than a public cloud, shared fixed storage, and bandwidth capacity.
On top of public cloud, private cloud, hybrid cloud, and the community cloud, there are other types of cloud deployment models such as distributed cloud, Big Data cloud, and high-performance computing cloud, to name a few.
Next, we are going to talk about the associated benefits of cloud business solutions.
Cost-effectiveness and other benefits of cloud business solutions
These are some of the associated benefits of cloud business solutions:
- Cost-effectiveness: Cloud business solutions help organizations save money by enabling users to only pay for the services they actually need. There is a minimal need for upfront investments, which makes it an attractive option for startup businesses. The other cost-effectiveness factor comes in the high availability of data in shared environments, making it easy to save time and team efforts.
- Flexibility: With cloud business solutions, the cloud provider is the owner and sole provider of the services, which means they completely cover, manage, and maintain the majority of the hosting efforts and infrastructure. This frees up time and resources for clients, who can focus on core business activities instead of dealing with the operational aspects of cloud business solutions.
- Speed: Because development is happening in the actual cloud, the speed with solutions are delivered to the market is swift. Cloud-based services take a short amount of time to set up, reducing the timeframe in which users get to access and leverage them.
- Storage: As we stated before, there are public clouds, private clouds, hybrid clouds, and community clouds. These offer different storage options available within cloud business solutions that can suit numerous types of needs. For example, based on the security needs of a project, users have the chance to select the option that is the most secure in terms of data privacy and user authentication.
- Mobility: Cloud business solutions provide mobile access to corporate data via numerous devices.
- Scalability: Cloud business solutions can be scaled up according to the increasing demands of a project. As a company grows, the client can upgrade the subscription and the resources needed to meet business requirements.
- Anytime-anywhere access: Cloud business solutions and the data stored within are easily accessible from virtually any internet-connected device.
- Security: Cloud solutions provide a suite of security features such as virtual private cloud, encryption, API keys, and more. Additionally, hardware failures do not pose a threat of data loss or leaks because of network security solutions that protect information directly in the cloud.
These are some of the most prominent benefits associated with the use of cloud business solutions. In the following sections of this article, we are going to explore a few well-known case studies to understand the impact of cloud solutions.
Best case studies for cloud solutions
In this section, we give you a couple of high-profile case studies about how cloud solutions have turned projects into successful outcomes.
Back in 2009, the city of Los Angeles, California was one of the first large cities in the United States to decide to migrate from a traditional on-premise email system to the Gmail cloud service. This migration entailed the move of over 30,000 users to Gmail. The project quickly halted once the parties involved realized that Google Apps was not capable of complying with the strict security and privacy guidelines and standards that the Los Angeles Police Department was required to comply with per FBI policies. After years of going back and forth, placing blame on different areas of the project, it was finally decided that the city of Los Angeles needed a centralized cloud solution for the entire workforce. Ultimately, after fine-tuning details about network redundancy, capacity, and operational efficiency, the city of Los Angeles looked at the bigger picture and the millions of dollars it would save by implementing a comprehensive cloud strategy.
In 2015, Capital One announced that it would implement its full array of existing and new company applications, under a cloud architecture. This bold move signified a great deal of challenges and advantages for the financial services institution, which given its industry, was more likely to be reluctant to such a big technological change. Capital One partnered with Amazon Web Services (AWS) Cloud for a cloud-first approach to software development. Capital One and AWS focused on tackling security questions early on, as it was one of the biggest concerns for the financial institution. With robust risk frameworks in place, AWS made sure to provide every layer of security possible to appease the concerns of Capital One. Now, Capital One has several years under its belt as a cloud-first company, reaping the benefits of leveraging cloud solutions and expanding its use of microservices. With AWS, Capital One powers agile DevOps processes to bring new features and products to market in weeks instead of months or years.
Luneba can help you choose the best cloud deployment models for your business
Luneba is the cloud expertise center for all cloud business solutions. As a sister company to Svitla Systems, Luneba is the proud hub of cloud experts that specializes in high-end cloud migration and management services.
As far as cloud deployment models for your business, Luneba provides clients with the knowledge and expertise to make the best selection of model as the most appropriate for their cloud strategy and business model.
The Luneba team of experts are knowledgeable and ready to assist you, based on your requirements and expectations. With careful consideration and an extensive detailing of your business and technical requirements, we are sure to drive your projects in the right path to success.